Fin de Siècle is French for “end of century.”
Reference the English idiom “turn of the century” (turn of the screw?)
Re: the closing of one era and the onset of another
Term refers to the end of the 19th century – period of ‘degeneration’ but simultaneously a period of hope for a new beginning.
Spirit of fin de siècle: refers to cultural hallmarks that were recognized as prominent in the 1880’s and 1890s
i.e. ennui, cynicism, pessimism.
Artists catalyzed this as impetus for movements like Symbolism and Modernism
Also, a general belief that civilization leads to decadence (see Freud. Civilization and Its Discontents).
Also, became a major influence on fascism. (?)